3D shape

The 3D shape object can add basic elements of 3D to your project, such as a 3D box. Six images can be drawn to cover each face of the shape.

Try out the 3D shape tour example for a visual demonstration of what the 3D shape object can do. The Start Page has a number of other examples under the 3D tag.

You can learn more about 3D shape and how it works with other 3D features in the tutorial Using 3D in Construct.

Size and position on Z axis

Construct's normal 2D editing features cover the X and Y co-ordinates and size. To adjust the position on the Z axis, change the Z elevation property (which is the same property used to move other 2D objects like Sprite up and down on the Z axis). To adjust how tall the shape is (i.e. its depth), change the Z height property of the 3D shape object.

Transparency

Due to the way 3D rendering works, transparency may not work as expected in 3D shape objects. To correctly render 3D features, Construct must use a depth buffer, but this only fully supports opaque surfaces. Therefore 3D shape objects will work best with opaque images.

Making individual faces invisible works as expected, as this means the face skips drawing entirely, rather than drawing content that is assumed to be opaque.

For more information, refer to the section on transparency in the tutorial Using 3D features in Construct.

3D shape properties

Images
Click the Edit link to edit the six images the object uses for face images, one for each face of a cube. Not all shapes use all six images. Some images may also be cropped according to the shape of the face it appears on. For example the Prism shape has triangular end faces, so the images at these ends are cropped to only show a triangular portion of the image.
Shape
Select from one of a few pre-defined shapes that the object will use. Not all shapes use all six images, since some have fewer than six faces. The available shapes are:
  • Box: a six-sided cube or cuboid shape.

  • Prism: a five-sided prism shape, like a tent. The front face is not used.

  • Wedge: a five-sided shape like a cuboid cut in half diagonally, sloping up to the right. The front face is not used.

  • Pyramid: a five-sided square-based pyramid, with the peak of the pyramid centered over the base. The front face is not used.

  • Corner (out): a five-sided shape similar to a pyramid with the peak aligned to the upper-right corner. The front face is not used. The name derives from the fact this shape can join rows of Wedge shapes at an outside corner.

  • Corner (in): a six-sided shape similar to a box where the front and back faces join in the bottom-left. The front face is used, but slopes down in the bottom-left half of the image. The name derives from the fact this shape can join rows of Wedge shapes at an inside corner.
Z height
Set the height of the shape on the Z axis, i.e. its depth. Note this must be positive. If you wish to display the object lower down, change its Z elevation instead.
Initially visibile
Set whether the object is shown (visible) or hidden (invisible) when the layout starts.
Face visibility (Back/Front/Left/Right/Top/Bottom)
Set whether each of the six faces of the shape is initially visible.
Use object image for faces (Back/Front/Left/Right/Top/Bottom)
Optionally choose a Sprite, Tiled Background or 9-Patch object to display instead of the 3D shape's own face images for a given face of the shape. An instance of the object must be placed in the same layout for this to work. The properties of this instance can also be used to control the appearance of the face on the 3D shape. This allows using animated face images (via Sprite), or varieties of tiled/repeating images for face images (via Tiled Background and 9-Patch).
Z tiling factor
By default the camera appears at Z=100 and looks down to Z=0, meaning the camera is normally 100 units above the layout. However when using tiled images for 3D shape faces, such as Tiled Background or 9-Patch, this can result in unexpected tiling results. For example a 3D shape that has a Z height of 25 will display a Tiled Background as if it was 25 pixels tall, which may be too small for the displayed size of the object. The Z tiling factor is a multiple for the Z height to use when tiling images. For example the default of 8 means a Z height of 25 will actually tile as if it was 200 pixels tall, which usually produces better tiling results.

3D shape conditions

For conditions in common to other objects, see Common conditions.

Compare shape
Compare the current shape that is in use. This can be changed by the Set shape action.
Compare Z height
Compare the current Z height (i.e. depth) of the shape.
Is face visible
Check if one of the six faces of the shape is currently set to visible. Note this only checks whether the visibility is currently enabled, either in the object's properties or with the Set face visible action - it does not test whether the face is really showing on-screen.

3D shape actions

For actions common to other objects, see Common actions.

Set face image
Change one of the shape faces to use one of the other face images. For example this allows swapping the front face image for the back face image. To restore the original image, use the same face for both parameters, e.g. set back face to use image of back face.
Set face object
Replace the image used for a face of the shape with the image used by a Sprite, Tiled Background or 9-Patch object. An instance of the given object must exist on the current layout. See the property Use object image for faces for more information.
Set face visible
Enable or disable the visibility of one of the faces of the shape. See the Face visibility properties for more information.
Set shape
Change the shape currently used by the object. See the Shape property for more information.
Set Z height
Change the Z height, i.e. depth, of the 3D shape. This must be greater or equal to 0. See the Z height property for more information.
Set Z tiling factor
Change the multiple used for tiling images along the Z height of the object. See the Z tiling factor property for more information.

3D shape expressions

For expressions common to other objects, see common expressions.

ZHeight
ZTilingFactor
Return the current Z height and Z tiling factor properties. See the documentation on the corresponding properties above for more information.
Construct 3 Manual 2021-06-15