Object instances are the actual objects you see in a game: an instance of an object type. For example, if there are four TrollEnemys in a layout, those are four instances of the TrollEnemy object type.
It is instances which have a position, angle and size in the layout. Object types do not have these properties - they simply define a 'class' of object.
Instances can be created at runtime in events (typically by the System Create object action and the Sprite Spawn an object action). They can also be pre-arranged in layouts with the Layout View to design levels, menus and title screens.
Selecting an instance in the Layout View shows its properties in the Properties Bar. These are a mix of properties in common with all (or most) objects, and plugin-specific properties. The common properties are described below, and plugin-specific properties are described for each plugin in the reference section.
Common instance properties
The following properties are common to most objects, depending on their capabilities.
- The name of the associated object type.
- By default, all instances are destroyed when the layout ends (e.g. when going to the next layout). If enabled, none of the instances of this object type will be destroyed when switching layouts.
- Plugin Read-only
- A reminder of the plugin this object is based on.
- The X and Y co-ordinates in the layout in pixels. This is measured to the object's origin. This can also be altered by moving the instance in the Layout View.
- The width and height of the instance in pixels. This can also be altered by dragging the resize handles in the Layout View.
- The angle in degrees the instance is oriented at. This can also be altered by rotating the object in the Layout View by clicking and dragging just outside the resize handles.
- The instance opacity (or semitransparency), from 0% (transparent) to 100% (opaque).
- A color tint to apply to the instance. This works by normalizing each color component in the 0-1 range, and multiplying it with the object's color. This means a white color (with 1 for each color component) displays the original color of the object. Choosing another color will tint the object, e.g. choosing red will preserve only the red color component of the object's image.
- The layer the instance is placed on.
- Z elevation
- The instance's elevation on the Z axis. By default the camera is at Z = 100, and looking down to Z = 0. The default Z elevation is 0. Increasing it will move it upwards (towards the camera) and decreasing it will move it downwards (away from the camera).
- Z index Read-only
- Indicates the zero-based Z index of the instance on its layer relative to all the other instances on the layer. A value of 0 means it is the bottom instance, and increasing values mean it is closer to the top of the layer. The Z index can be modified using the Z Order Bar Paid plans only.
- UID Read-only
- Every instance in the project has a unique number assigned, called its unique ID or UID. This value is displayed in the editor so you can view the UID for specific instances. You can use conditions like Pick by unique ID in events to pick specific instances by their UID.
- Edit variables
- Open the Object Instance Variables dialog.
- Edit behaviors
- Open the Object Behaviors dialog.
- Edit effects
- Open the Effects dialog.
- Group a set of object types together in a container.
Index IDs (IIDs)
As well as unique IDs (UIDs, described above), all instances are also assigned an Index ID (IID). This is the zero-based index of the instance within its own object type. The first instance created for each object type is assigned an IID of 0, and subsequent instances are assigned incrementing numbers. Unlike UIDs, IIDs can change: if an instance is destroyed, all the object type's instance's IIDs are reassigned so they are continuous (i.e. 0, 1, 2, 3... N with no gaps). Therefore an IID does not persistently refer to one instance - use UIDs for that purpose. However IIDs can be useful for advanced users taking advantage of object expression indexing, the Pick Nth instance system condition, or the IID expression.