The File chooser plugin is a form control that allows the user to pick a file on their local system and load it. For example, a text file can be chosen and its contents read, or a picture chosen and the image displayed in-game. Some mobile browsers also allow a picture to be taken with the device camera instead of choosing an existing file, then the taken photo image file is passed as the chosen file.
The appearance of the file chooser button varies depending on the platform. Several browsers display a "Choose file" button.
Once a file has been selected, it can be accessed using a URL. While many URLs reference web resources on the Internet, the File Chooser plugin returns a special URL that refers to the local file. This URL typically starts with "blob:" (since the browser's term for an arbitrary set of data is a "blob") followed by some kind of unique ID. By accessing this URL the local file is accessed, without using any Internet connection, so this also works offline.
The file URL can be used like any other URL. For example, it can be requested by the AJAX object to load its contents as text, or passed to the Sprite object's Load image from URL action to display it.
File Chooser properties
- The file type filter to accept. This can be a comma-separated list of file extensions, e.g. ".png,.jpg,.jpeg", or a MIME type, such as image/ for any image file, video/ for any video file, and so on. If left empty, the file chooser will be able to choose any kind of file.
- Whether to allow selecting a single file only, or multiple files in one go.
- Initial visibility
- Whether the control is initially visible or hidden.
- An optional id attribute for the element in the DOM (Document Object Model). This can be useful for accessing the element's value from external scripts, or styling with CSS in the HTML page.
File Chooser conditions
- On changed
- Triggered when a file or set of files has been chosen from the input control. #File Chooser actions#
- Set CSS style
- Set a CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) style on the input element. Refer to a CSS reference to identify which styles and values can be applied.
- Release file
- Release a previously returned file URL. This allows the browser to release memory for the file. If the user chooses lots of files or chooses them regularly this action should be used to release the files after they are no longer needed.
File Chooser expressions
- The number of chosen files. If Select is Single, this is always 1. If Multiple then this returns the number of chosen files.
- Return the name of the chosen file at an index. In Single select mode, the index should always be 0, since only one file can be chosen.
- Return the size of the chosen file in bytes at an index. In Single select mode, the index should always be 0, since only one file can be chosen.
- Return the MIME type of the chosen file at an index. The MIME type is the standardised Internet media type of the file contents. For example, this can be image/png for a PNG image, image/jpeg for a JPEG image, or text/plain for a plaintext file. In Single select mode, the index should always be 0, since only one file can be chosen.
- The URL to access the local file's contents at an index. For more information see Using files above. In Single select mode, the index should always be 0, since only one file can be chosen.