the game i released this year was done by exporting as a Cordova folder, zipping it, and uploading it to PhoneGap Build. the first app you upload is with no strings attached (make sure you read about it).
once you upload the zip to PhoneGap Build you can download an APK for testing.
if everything is to your liking and works well you'll have to get signing keys for your developer account, upload them to PhoneGap, and then you will have an official release APK to upload to the Play Store.
of course, if you are good with command-line stuff and using Android Studio you can set up a PhoneGap compiler on your own machine. but i haven't been able to get that to work.