I did some checking for you Ashesh,
You own the domain, you manage it, you say page is removed - it is NOT removed, you removed the link to the page, I found the page on your server. You did change a few things - doctored the email images to exclude the info (info that points directly at you[which won't help])
In fact the more I dug, the more everything says that you are guilty.
You got caught. And lost your license (which you diddn't pay for)
You want justice, well, if you only new how much trouble you are in - I wouldn't want justice. I would say thank you ashley for the little slap on the wrist.